Chess Personalities II
Mieses, Jacques (1865-1954)
Born Jakob Mieses in Leipzig but he changed his name to sound more elegant. He fled Germany just before World War II, after living in Germany for 73 years. He became a naturalized British citizen in the 1940s. He was the first British player to receive the Grandmaster title (1950). When he was in his 84, Jacques played a game against the Dutch master, Van Forrest, who was 86. It was a clock game between two players whose combined ages were 170 years. After he had won, Mieses rose from the board and said, “Youth has been victorious.” He was still giving simultaneous displays in his mid 80s.
Mieses – Oehquist, Nuremberg 1895
1.e4 d5 2.exd5 Qxd5 3.Nc3 Qd8 4.d4 Nc6 5.Nf3 Bg4 6.d5 Ne5? (6…Nb8) 7.Nxe5 Bxd1 8.Bb5+ c6 9.dxc6 (threatening 9…c7 Qd7 10.Bxd7 mate) 1-0
Morphy, Paul (1837-1884)
The Pride and Sorrow of Chess. He won the First American Chess Congress in 1857. He imagined himself persecuted by his relatives and went into a state of seclusion. He thought his food was poisoned or that someone was out to kill him. He once attacked a person in the street and challenges him to a duel to the death to settle an imagined wrong. He had a fetish with women’s shoes. Morphy had hats and cigars named after him. He was the first sports figure to issue a commercial endorsement when he declared of a watch, “I have examined the contents of this watch and find it to be made of 100 percent genuine machinery.” When he arrived in Paris to play Anderssen, he was suffering from the flu. His medical treatment consisted of being leeched. He lost four pints of blood and was too weak to leave his hotel bed. So, he played Anderssen from his hotel room and won 7-2. When he returned to New York, he was greeted by Longfellow, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Samuel Morse, and John van Buren, the former President’s son. Van Buren toasted Morphy as ‘The Chess Champion of the World.’ It was the first time that expression had been used. His most famous game was played at an opera house with a duke and a count.
Morphy – Duke of Brunswick and Count Isouard, Paris, 1858 Philidor’s Defense
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 d6 3.d4 Bg4 4.dxe5 Bxf3 5.Qxf3 dxe5 6.Bc4 Nf6 7.Qb3 Qe7 8.Nc3 [8.Bxf7+ Qxf7 9.Qxb7 is simpler] 8…c6 9.Bg5 b5 10.Nxb5 cxb5 11.Bxb5+ Nbd7 12.O-O-O Rd8 13.Rxd7! Rxd7 14.Rd1 Qe6 15.Bxd7+ Nxd7 16.Qb8+!! Nxb8 17.Rd8 mate 1-0
Morphy – Bottin, Paris 1858
1.e5 e5 2.c3 Nf6 3.d4 Nxe4 4.dxe5 Bc5 5.Qg4 Nxf2 6.Qxg7 Rf8 7.Bg5 f6 8.exf6 Rxf6 9.Bxf6 Be7 10.Qg8+ 1-0
Najdorf, Miguel (1910-1997)
Polish-born player who stayed in Argentina after the outbreak of World War II and became a naturalized citizen of Argentina five years later. Najdorf escaped the Holocaust, but he lost his wife, child, parents and four brothers who died on concentration camps. He changed his first name from Mieczyslaw to Mendel to Miguel. In 1943 he played 40 games blindfolded. He then played 222 opponents simultaneously, over-the board, winning 202, drew 12 and lost 8 games. In January, 1945 he played 45 opponents simultaneously blindfolded in Sao Paulo,Brazil. After 23 hours and 30 minutes of play, he won 39 games, drew 4, and lost 2. He put on this world record exhibition in hopes it would be reported in Europe and that some of his family might read about it and get in touch with him, None did so. He became an Argentine citizen in 1944. He won the Argentine championship 8 times. His nickname was El Grande.
Najdorf – Piazzi, Argentina 1951
1.d4 d5 2.c4 c5 3.cxd5 Qxd5 4.Nf3 cxd4 5.Nc3 Qd8 6.Qxd4 Qxd4 7.Nxd4 e5 8.Ndb5 Kd8 9.Be3 Nc6 10.O-O-O+ Bd7 11.g3 Nf6 12.Bh3 Be7 13.Rxd7+ Nxd7 14.Rd1 Ncb8 15.Nd5 g6 16.Nbc7 Bd6 17.Nxa8 b6 18.Bg5+ 1-0
Nakamura, Hikaru (1987- )
A U.S. chess master, at the age 10 years and 79 days. He achieved this record at the time on February 26, 1997 at the Marshall Chess Club. The previous record for youngest master was Vinay Bhat and Jordy Mont-Reynaud. Nakamura was also the youngest player to beat an International Master, defeating IM Jay Bonin in 1997 at the age of 9. In 2001 he became the U.S. Junior Champion. In 2003, at the age of 15 years, 2 months, 19 days, he became a Grandmaster. In 2004, at the age of 16, he won the 2005 US Chess Championship in San Diego. He is the 2nd youngest to win it (Fischer won at 14). In 2005, he was selected as the 19th Frank P. Samford Chess Fellow. He won the U.S. chess championship in 2004, 2009, and 2012. He is currently ranked the #1 in the world in rapid, blitz and pullet chess. He is currently ranked #7 in the world.
Richardson – Nakamura, Bermuda 2002
1.e4 c5 2.d4 cxd4 3.Qxd4 Nc6 4.Qd1 Nf6 5.Nc3 g6 6.Be3 Bg7 7.Bc4 O-O 8.h4 h5 9.Qd2 Ne5 10.Bb3 d6 11.Nf3 Neg4 12.Bg5 b5 13.Nh2 b4 14.Nd5 Nxh2 15.Rxh2 Nxd5 16.Qxd5 Bxb2 17.Rd1 Bc3+ 18.Kf1 Qc7 19.Qd3 a5 20.f4 Ba6 0-1
Nezhmetdinov, Rashid (1912-1974)
First USSR master in chess and checkers. In 1949 he won the Russian chess championship and immediately after, took 2nd in the Russian checkers championship. He wrote the first chess book in the Tatar language. He won the Russian chess championship 5 times. He was Tal’s trainer during Tal’s world championship matches.
Nunn, John (1955- )
British Grandmaster (1978) who went to Oxford at age 15, graduated at 18, and got his doctorate in mathematics at 23 (dissertation on Algebraic Topology). In the 1984 Thessaloniki Olympiad, he received 3 gold medals: best score on board 2, best performance rating in the Olympiad, and winner of the problem-solving contest. His FIDE rating is 2617.
Nunn – Geogiev, Linares 1988
1.e4 c6 2.d4 d5 3.Nd3 dxe4 4.Nxe4 Nd7 5.Ng5 h6 6.Ne6 Qa5+ 7.Bd2 Qb6 8.Bd3 fxe6 9.Qh5+ Kd8 10.Ba5 1-0
Olafsson, Fridrik (1935- )
Iceland’s first Grandmaster (1958) and former FIDE president (1978-82). He is the Secretary General of the Icelandic Parliament. In 1955 he arrived late to participate in the annual Hastings tournament in England. No rooms could be found for him so he spent his first night in a cell at the Hastings police station as a guest to the local police. His FIDE rating is 2452.
Bordversson – F. Olafsson, Iceland 1947
1.f4 e5 2.fxe5 d6 3.exd6 Bxd6 4.Nf3 Nc6 5.h3?? Bg3 mate 0-1
Pachman, Ludek (1924-2004)
Grandmaster (1954) who was imprisoned twice in Czechoslovakia after openly protesting the Soviet occupation of his land in 1968. He had been editor of one of the daily newspapers published illegally in Prague. He was beaten and suffered a broken skull and backbone. He won the Czech championship 7 times. He moved to Germany in 1972 and changed his last name from Pachman to Pachmann. In 1975 he wrote Checkmate in Prague.
Pachman – Al Awadi, Baden-Baden 1987
1.d4 d5 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.cxd5 exd5 5.Bg5 Be7 6.e3 Nbd7 7.Bd3 O-O 8.Qc2 h6 9.Bh4 Re8 10.Nge2 c6 11.O-O b5 12.Rab1 a5 13.Bg3 a4 14.Nxb5 Qb6 15.Nc7 1-0
Penrose, Jonathan (1933- )
English International Master (1961) who has won the British chess championship a record 10 times (1958-63 and 1966-69). He is one of the top correspondence chess players in the world. He has a doctorate in psychology and his father, Lionel, was a distinguished geneticist and chess problem composer. His mother was a medical doctor. In 1970 he collapsed at the Siegen Olympiad from nervous tension. He turned to correspondence chess after that and became a Correspondence Chess Grandmaster in 1983. He won the British Junior Championship and London Championship in 1949 at age 15. His brother Roger (born in 1931) was knighted in 1994 for services to mathematics and science. He was later awared an emeritus grandmaster title. He was runner-up in the 13th World Correspondence Chess Championship, won by M. Umansky of Russia.
Veitch – Penrose, Buxton 1950
1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nf3 d5 4.g3 dxc4 5.Nbd2 c5 6.dxc5 Bxc5 7.Bg2 Bxf2+ 8.Kxf2 Bg4+ 9.Ke1 Ne3 10.Qa4+ Bd7 0-1
Petroff, Alexander (1794-1867)
The first strong player Russia produced. He was Russia’s first master, theoretician, chess writer and chess composer. Petroff’s Defense (1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nf6) is named after him.
Petroff-Schimanski, Warsaw 1847
1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.exd5 exd5 4.c4 Bb4+ 5.Nc3 Ne7 6.Nf3 Bg4 7.Be2 dxc4 8.O-O Bxf3 9.Bxf3 c6 10.Qe2 Qxd4 11.Rd1 Qf6 12.Ne4 Qe6 13.a3 Ba5 14.Bg4 Qg6 15.Bf5 Nxf5 16.Nf6+ (16…Kf8 17.Qe8 mate) 1-0
Petrosian, Tigran Vartanovich (1929-1984)
USSR Grandmaster (1952) and 9th world chess champion. (1963-1969). Between 1968 and 1975 he never lost more than a single game in any tournament. He drew more than half his total games of chess, a higher fraction than any other World Champion. He received less than $2,000 for winning the world chess championship in 1966 against Spassky. When Petrosian defeated Spassky in 1966, it was the first time a World Champion defeated his challenger in 32 years (Alekhine defeated Bogoljubov in 1934). In 1972 at the Skopje Olympiad he lost a game on time to Hubner, his first loss on time in his whole career. When he was later told that the incident had been shown on TV, he said, “If I had known that, I would definitely have smashed the clock.” His first official match that he played was for the World Championship, which he won when he defeated Botvinnik in 1963. When he lost his match with Fischer in 1971, Petrosian’s wife, Rona, put the blame on his trainer, Alexey Suetin, and slapped him. Petrosian was unbeaten in 6 USSR championships. He only lost one game out of 129 in chess Olympiad play. Before Rona married Petrosian, she was flirting and dating both Efim Geller and Tigran Petrosian. In 1952, when both players went to Sweden for the Interzonal, she said she would marry whoever performed better in the Interzonal. Petrosian finished ½ point better than Geller, and Petrosian and Rona Avinezer were later married. In 1964, he won the championship of the Trade Unions in Moscow.
T. Petrosian – Necsesov, Tbilisi 1944
1.e4 e5 2.Nf3 Nf6 3.Nxe5 d6 4.Nf3 Nxe4 5.Qe2 Qe7 6.d3 Nf6 7.Bg5 Qxe2+ 8.Bxe2 Be7 9.Nc3 c6 10.O-O-O O-O 11.Rhe1 Bf5 12.Nd4 Bg6 13.Bg4 Bd8 14.Bc8 Bb6 15.Bxb7 Bxd4 16.Bxa8 1-0
Philidor, Francois-Andre Danican(1726-1795)
Best chess player of the 18th century. His father, Andre (1647-1730), was the royal music librarian who had 20 children, partly by marrying a third wife over 50 years younger than him. Andre was a child of that third marriage when his father was 79. In 1744, at the age of 18, Philidor was able to play two players blindfolded. In 1748 Philidor introduced the modern rule of numbering each moves and its reply with the same number. In 1749, at the age of 23, he published L’Analyse du Jeu Des Eschecs (Chess Analysed). The book formed the basis of the first Russian work on chess. Philidor was the first writer to explain the reasons for particular moves. In 1750 he was giving chess exhibitions for Frederick the Great was able to play 3 games blindfolded. Philidor wrote that pawns were the soul of chess. He wrote 23 operas.
Sheldon – Philidor, London 1790
1.e4 e5 2.Bc4 c6 3.Nf3 d5 4.exd5 cxd5 5.Bb3 Nc6 6.d4 e4 7.Ne5 Be6 8.O-O f6 9.Nxc6 bxc6 10.f3 f5 11.Be3 Nf6 12.Nd2 Bd6 13.c4 O-O 14.Ba4 Qc7 15.f4 Ng4 16.Qe2 Nxe3 17.Qxe3 c5 18.Nb3 dxc4 19.Nxc5 Bxc5 20.dxc5 Rac8 21.c6 Rfd8 22.Rfd1 Rd3 23.Rxd3 cxd3 24.Bb3 Bxb3 25.axb3 Qb6 26.Kf2 Qxe3+ 27.Kxe3 Rxc6 28.Rxa7 Rd6 29.Kd2 e3+ 30.Kxe3 d2 31.Ra1 d1=Q 0-1
Piatigorsky, Gregor (1903-1976)
World famous cellist and chess patron. In 1920 he defected to Poland from Russia. He became a U.S. citizen in 1942. In 1963 he sponsored the first Piatigorsky Cup in Los Angeles, won by Petrosian and Keres. In 1966 he sponsored the 2nd Piatigorsky Cup in Santa Monica, won by Spassky. Fischer took 2nd and Larsen took 3rd. When Spassky played Fischer, there were over 900 spectators, and many others were turned away. This was the largest audience ever to witness a chess tournament in the United States.
Piatigorsky, Jacqueline (1911- 2012)
Married to Gregor Piatigorsky and woman chess player and patron. She played in several U.S. Women’s Championships. In 1957, she represented the United States in the first Women’s Chess Olympiad at Emmen, Netherlands in 1957. In 1961 she sponsored a chess match between Fischer and Reshevsky. She asked Fischer to rearrange his schedule and play his match game earlier so she could attend the match and her husband’s concert later that evening. Fischer refused to play earlier and was forfeited. She was a member of the Rothschild banking family of France.
Pillsbury, Harry Nelson (1872 – 1906)
One of the top four chess players in the world from 1895 to 1903. He was born in Somerville, Massachusetts and learned chess in 1888, at the age of 15. In 1895 he played in his first major tournament in Hastings and won it (winning 150 pounds or about $1,200). Up to that time, no other player had ever won his first major tournament that he participated in. After his win in Hastings, several newspapers in Boston and New York added chess columns on page one. He never won another tournament outright. Pillsbury (now known as “hero of Hastings”) would give simultaneous exhibitions playing 10 chess players and 10 checker players, while playing whist. His feat of 22 simultaneous blindfolded games was, in his time, judged to be unbeatable. He was given a list to memorize: Antiphlogistine, periosteum, takadiastase, plasmon, ambrosia, Threlkeld, strepococcus, straphylococcus, micrococcus, plasmodium, Mississippi, Freiheit, Philadelphia, Cincinnati, athletics, no war, Etchenberg, American, Russian, philosophy, Piet Potgelter’s Rost, Salamagundi, Oomisellecootsi, Bangmanvate, Schlechter’s Nek, Manzinyama, theosophy, catechism, and Madjesoomalops. After a few minutes he was able to recite the list forward and backward. He was able to recall the list the following day. In 1897, he won the U.S. Chess Championship, defeating Jackson Showalter. When Pillsbury won, he refused the title of American Champion, so Showalter remained U.S. Champion. Pillsbury did not want the title. In 1898, he defeated Showalter again and accepted the title of U.S. Champion. In 1900 he went on a seven month nation-wide tour in which he gave over 150 exhibitions and traveled 40,000 miles. From 1890 to 1900 Pillsbury worked the automaton Ajeeb in New York. In 1905, he tried to commit suicide in a hospital in Philadelphia. Pillsbury died of syphilis in 1906 at the age of 33, probably caught in Russia. He was considered one of the top 10 checker players in the country.
Pillsbury – Fernandez, Hanover 1900
1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Nc6 3.f4 d6 4.Nf3 a6 5.Bc4 Bg4 6.fxe5 Nxe5 7.Nxe5 Bxd1 8.Bxf7+ Ke7 9.Nd5 mate 1-0
Polgar, Judit (1976- )
Considered the greatest woman chess player ever. She was the second youngest grandmaster at age 15 years, 4 months, and 28 days (Fischer was a grandmaster at age 15 years, 6 months, and 1 day after the Portoroz Interzonal in 1958). She made her third and final GM norm by winning the Hungarian Championship in 1991 at the age of 15. In 1986 at the age of 9 she won the unrated section of the New York Open, winning 7 games and drawing one game. At age 11 she was rated 2350. At age 12 years and one month she earned an International Master title – younger than Fischer or Kasparov. At age 13 she was the World Under 14 Champion for boys and FIDE’s highest rated woman. In 2005, she was ranked #8 in the world. She won the US Open in 1998, the only woman to ever win it. She is the only woman to ever be a FIDE World Champion quarter-finalist, which she did in 1999. Her peak rating was 2735. On August 13, 2014, she announced her retirement from competitive chess.
Judit Polgar – Rivas, Dos Hermanas 1993
1.e4 d6 2.d4 Nf6 3.Nc3 Nbd7 4.f4 e5 5.Nf3 exd4 6.Qxd4 c6 7.Be3 d5 8.exd5 Bc5 9.Qd3 Qe7 10.Nd4 Nb6 11.dxc6 O-O 12.O-O-O bxc6 13.Bg1 Qc7 14.g3 Rd8 15.Ndb5 1-0
Polgar, Zsofia (Sofia) (1974- )
Once achieved the highest performance rating ever, when she scored 8.5 out of 9 in Rome, 1989 and won the event. She won 8 straight games and took a draw in the final round at a point where she had a favorable position and could have won. Her performance rating was over 2900. She was a two-time Gold medalist with the Hungarian national women’s team in 1988 and 1990.
Sofia Polgar – Selles, San Sebastian 1991
1.e4 e5 2.f4 Nf6 3.fxe5 Nxe4 4.Nf3 d5 5.d3 Nc5 6.d4 Ne4 7.Bd3 Bg4 8.O-O c5 9.h3 Bh5 10.Bb5+ Nc6 11.Kh2 cxd4 12.g4 Bg6 13.Nxd4 Rc8 14.c4 Be7 15.Nf5 dxc4 16.Nxg7+! (16…Kf8 17.Ne6+ and 18.Nxd8) 1-0
Polgar, Szuzsa (Susan) (1969- )
Winner of the first Girl’s Cadet (under age 16) Championship in 1981(Sussex, England) at the age of 12. She won the Budapest Under-11 Championship at age four and a half with a perfect 10 out of 10 score. She obtained her Hungarian master’s title at the age of 10. At age 12 she was rated over 2300 in Hungary and 2245 FIDE rating. In 1986, at the age of 17, she became the first woman ever to qualify for the Men’s World Championship. In 1987 FIDE gave 100 free rating points to every woman except Susan on the world ranking list. This stopped Susan from the top spot to second behind the Soviet women’s titleholder. In 1991, she became the world’s first female grandmaster by earning the title. She won the Women’s World Championship in February, 1996 by defeating Xie Jun. She has won the Women’s World Chess Championship 4 times. In 2003, she won the U.S. Open Blitz Championship. On August 1-2, 2005, she played a marathon chess event at Palm Beach Gardens, Florida. She played chess for 16-and-a-half hours (for 10:30 am to 3:00 am). She played 326 simultaneous games, winning 309, drawing 14, and losing only 3 games, for a 96.93% winning percentage. She played 1,131 consecutive games against 554 opponents, winning 1,112 games, drawing 16 games, and losing only 3 games. She heads the Susan Polgar Institute for Chess Excellence (SPICE) at Webster University. She was the head coach for the 2011, 2012, 2013, and 2014 National Championship college chess teams.
De Los – Susan Polgar, Novi Sad 1990
1.e4 c5 2.Nf3 g6 3.Nc3 Bg7 4.d4 cxd4 5.Nxd4 Nc6 6.Be3 Nf6 7.f3 O-O 8.Bc4 Qb6 9.Qd2 Nxe4 10.fxe4 Bxd4 11.Bh6 Qxb2 (threatening 12…Bxc3) 0-1
Polugaevsky, Lev (1934-1995)
Soviet International Grandmaster (1962) and one of the top 10 players in the 1970s. He won the USSR championship in 1967, 1968, and 1969. He played in 20 Soviet chess championships, and finished with a winning score in every one of them. He died in Paris and is in the same cemetery (Montparnasse) as the grave of Alekhine.
Polugaevsky – Franco, Havana 1966
1.d4 f5 2.Nc3 Nf6 3.Bg5 Ne4 4.Nxe4 fxe4 5.f3 d5 6.e3 Bf5 7.fxe4 Bxe4 8.Ne2 h6 9.Bf4 Nc6 10.Nc3 Bg6 11.Bd3 Bf7 12.O-O e5 13.dxe5 Qd7 14.e6 Qxe6 15.Nb5 1-0
Pomar Salamanca, Arturo (1931- )
Chess prodigy and first grandmaster (1962) from Spain. He was born in Palma de Mallorca. His chess teacher was Antonio Perella. He won the Spanish chess championship 7 times, beginning in 1946 when he was 14. He was the champion of the Balearic Islands at age 11. He tied for first place at the US Open in 1954 (with Larry Evans).
Pomar – Gallegos, Gijon 1944
1.d4 e6 2.c4 f5 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.Bd2 Nf6 5.Nf3 b6 6.a3 Bxc3 7.Bxc3 Bb7 8.e3 O-O 9.Bd3 d6 10.d5 exd5 11.Bxf5 Qe7 12.Ng5 h6 13.Be6+ Kh8 14.h4 Ne4 15.Qh5 Nd7 16.Qxh6 mate 1-0
Ponomariov, Ruslan (1983- )
In 1998, he became a grandmaster at age 14 years, 14 days, making him the youngest ever player at that time to hold the title. At the age of 10, he won the World Under-12 Championship. At the age of 12, he had his first FIDE rating published at 2550. At age 13, he won the World Under-18 Championship. In 2002, he defeated Vassily Ivanchuk to become the youngest FIDE champion ever at the age of 18. His peak FIDE rating was 2764.
Ponomarev – Grishchuk, Szeged 1994
1.e4 g6 2.d4 Bg7 3.Nc3 d6 4.f4 Nf6 5.Nf3 O-O 6.Be2 c5 7.dxc5 Qa5 8.O-O Qxc5 9.Kh1 Nc6 10.Bd3 e5 11.Qe1 exf4 12.Bxf4 Ne5 13.Nxe5 dxe5 14.Bg5 Ne8 15.Nd5 f6 16.Be3 Qd6 17.b4 b6 18.c4 Rf7 19.c5 bxc5 20.Bxc5 Qb8 21.Ne7 Kh8 22.Bc4 Rf8 23.Nxg6 1-0
Purdy, Cecil (1906-1979)
Grandmaster of Correspondence Chess (1953) and winner of the first world correspondence chess championship (1950-1953). In 1923, at the age of 17, he won the New Zealand Championship. In 1929 he founded the Australasian Chess Review (later named Check!, then Chess World). He was the editor for nearly 40 years. He won the Australian Correspondence Championship in 1937 and 1945. He was the champion of Australia in 1935, 1937, 1949, and 1951. He earned the International Master title in 1951. His son was the junior champion of Australia. He won the Australian championship four times and held the Australian Correspondence Championship for 16 years in a row. Both Purdy’s father-in-law Spencer Crakenthorp (champion from 1926 to 1929), and his son John (champion in 1962) have been champions of Australia. He died of a heart attack while playing a game of chess during the Sydney Championships. His last words were, “I have a win, but it will take some time.” His opponent was Ian Parsonage. Purdy was born in Egypt. He learned to play chess from an encyclopedia at age 15. He played only 46 correspondence games in his entire life (won 34, drew 10, lost 2).
Quinteros, Miguel (1947- )
Argentine Grandmaster (1973) who won the Argentina championship at age 18. In 1987, was barred from playing in FIDE events for three years because he played in South Africa, a FIDE-forbidden country. Quinteros was the first grandmaster to visit South Africa since 1981. He gave simultaneous exhibitions in Cape Town, Sun City and Johannesburg. He is married to a former model from the Philippines that he met at the 1973 Manila International. In 1979 he missed round 1 of the Atlantic Open in Washington D.C. because he thought the tournament was in Atlantic City, New Jersey.
Quinteros-Szmetan, Buenos Aires 1979
1.d4 Nf6 2.Nf3 e6 3.c4 b6 4.g3 Ba6 5.Qc2 c5 6.Bg2 Bb7 7.O-O cxd4 8.Nxd4 Bxg2 9.Kxg2 Qc8 10.e4 Nc6 11.Nf3 Qb7 12.Qe2 d6 13.Rd1 Be7 14.Bf4 Rd8 15.Nc3 O-O 16.Rd2 a6 17.Rad1 Qb8 18.h3 Ne5 19.c5 Nxf3 20.cxd6 Bxd6 21.Bxd6 1-0
Rabinovich, Ilya ( 1891-1942)
First Soviet master to be allowed to a major international chess tournament outside the USSR. He played at Baden-Baden, Germany in 1925. This tournament was won by Alekhine. Rabinovich took 7th place. In 1927 he wrote the first Russian chess book on endgames. In 1934, he shared 1st place with Levenfish in the USSR Championship. He was Leningrad champion in 1920, 1925, 1928, and 1940. Rabinovich died of malnutrition during the siege of Leningrad. He had been Leningrad champion 11 times. He was Jewish.
Rabinovich – Vainstein, Triberg 1914
1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Bc4 d5 4.Bxd5 Qh4+ 5.Kf1 Ne7 6.Nf3 Qh5 7.Nc3 g5 8.h4 h6 9.Bxf7+ Qxf7 10.Ne5 Qf6 11.Qh5+ Kd8 12.Nf7+ Kd7 13.Nxh8 Bg7 14.Nf7 Ng6 15.Nxh6 Nxh4 16.Qf7+ Kd8 17.Nd5 1-0
Reinfeld, Fred (1910-1964)
Author of 260 books on chess, checkers, coins, geology, history, and astronomy. He wrote at least 102 books on chess alone. He also wrote chess books under the name of Robert Masters and Edward Young. He was a master chess player who won the U.S. Intercollegiate Chess Championship, the New York State Championship (twice), the Marshall Chess Club Championship, and the Manhattan Chess Club Championship. He was invited to play in the U.S. Championship but declined. He was one of the top 10 players in the US in the late 1940s and early 1950s. He taught chess at Columbia University and New York University. His chess books include:
100 Instructive Games of Alekhine; The Unknown Alekhine; Botvinnik’s Best Games; The Immortal Games of Capablanca; The Fireside Book of Chess; Winning Chess; Chess Strategy and Tactics; Colle’s Chess Masterpieces; 51 Brilliant Chess Masterpieces; M. Euwe: From My Games, 1920-1937; Alekhine vs. Bogoljubuw: World Chess Championship 1934; Flohr vs Botvinnik 1933; Chess Traps, Pitfalls, and Swindles; First Book of Chess; How to Improve Your Chess; The Macmillan Handbook of Chess; Hastings 1936-37; Margate, 1935; Warsaw International Chess Team Tournament, 1935; Kemeri Tournament 1937; Semmering-Baden 1937; Keres’ Best Games of Chess, 1931-1948; Dr. Lasker’s Chess Career; The Art of Chess; The Principles of Chess in Theory and Practice; 35 Nimzovich Games; United States Chess Championship 1948; Two Weeks to Winning Chess; 100 Instructive Games of Alekhine; 1001 Brilliant Ways to Checkmate; 1001 Chess Sacrifices and Combinations; 1001 Ways to Checkmate; 101 Chess Problems for Beginners; Attack and Counterattack in Chess; Beginner’s Guide to Winning Chess; Cambridge Springs 1904; Botvinnik, The Invincible; British Chess Masters: Past and Present; Challenge To Chessplayers, A Chess Manual; Chess: Win in 20 Moves or Less; Chess At A Glance; Chess By Yourself; Chess For Amateurs; Chess For Children; Chess For Young People; Chess in a Nutshell; Chess is an Easy Game; The Chess Masters On Winning Chess; Chess Mastery By Question and Answer; A Chess Primer; Chess Quiz; Chess Secrets Revealed; Chess Victory: Move By Move; Complet Book of Chess Openings; Complet Book of Chess Stratagems; Complete Book of Chess Tactics; The Complete Chess Course; The Complete Chess Player; Creative Chess; E.S. Lowe’s Chess in 30 Minutes; The Easiest Way to Learn Chess; Eighth Book of Chess: How to Play the Queen Pawn Openings; The Elements of Combination play in Chess; An Expert’s Guide to Chess Strategy; Fifth Book of Chess: How to Win When You’re Ahead; Fourth Book of Chess: How to Play the Black Pieces; Great Brilliancy Prize Games of the Chess Masters; The Great Chess Masters and Their Games; Great Games by Chess Prodigies; Great Moments in Chess; Great Short Games of the Chess Masters; How Do You Play Chess?; How to be a Winner at Chess; How to Beat Your Opponent Quickly; How to Force Checkmate; Challenge to Chess Players; How to Get More Out of Chess; How to Play Better Chess; How to Play Chess Like A Champion; How to Play Winning Chess; How to Win Chess Games Quickly; The Human Side of Chess; Hypermodern Chess; Improving Your Chess; Second Book of Chess:The Nine Bad Moves, and How to Avoid Them; Instructive and Practical Endings from Master Chess; The Joys of Chess; Lasker’s Greatest Chess Games, 1910-1964; Learn Chess From the Masters’ Modern Fundamentals of Chess; Morphy Chess Masterpieces; A New Approach to Chess Mastery; Nimzovich: The Hypermodern; Practical Endgame Play; Reinfeld Explains Chess; Reinfeld on the Endgame in Chess; Relax With Chess; The Secret of Tactical Chess; Seventh Book of Chess: How to Play the King Pawn Openings; Sixth Book of Chess: How to Fight Back; Third Book of Chess: How to Play the White Pieces; A Treasury of British Chess Masterpieces; The Treasury of Chess Lore; The Way to Better Chess; Why You Lose At Chess; Win At Chess; Winning Chess For Beginners; Winning Chess Openings; Championship Chess; Tarrasch’s Best Games of Chess; Ventnor City Tournament, 1939.
Reti, Richard (1889-1929)
One of the founders of the hypermodern school of chess, along with Nimzovich, Tartakower, and Breyer. He was born in Hungary and went ti Vienna to study mathematics, but gave that up for chess. Richard Reti played in both the Hungarian and Czechoslovakian national championship in the same year. In 1924, Reti defeated Capablanca in the great 1924 New York tournament. It was Capablanca’s first defeat in 10 years. In 1925 he went to South America and played 29 games simultaneously, blindfolded. It was a record at the time. He was hit by a street car and taken to a hospital to heal in Prague. While in the hospital he contracted scarlet fever, which killed him. He was 40 years old. He was the author of the classic Modern Ideas in Chess.
Reti – N.N., Vienna 1913
1.e4 e5 2.Nc3 Bc5 3.Nf3 Nc6 4.Nxe5 Nxe5 5.d4 Bxd4 6.Qxd4 Qf6 7.Nb5 Kd8 8.Qc5 (threatening 9.Qf8 mate and 9.Qxc7+) 1-0
Rice, Isaac (1850-1915)
Inventor of the unsound Rice Gambit (1.e4 e5 2.f4 exf4 3.Nf3 g5 4.h4 g4 5.Ne5 Nf6 6.Bc4 d5 7.exd5 Bd6 8.O-O). He spent $50,000 subsidizing Rice Gambit events. He was a millionaire, president of the first company to make rubber tires, organized the first taxi service in New York, and one of the earliest developers of the submarine. He was a lecturer at Columbia University, then began the practice of railroad law. He was the founder of General Dynamics (Electric Boat Company) and sold the British Royal Navy its first submarine in 1901. He built the U.S. Navy’s first submarine. He was a chess patron and sponsored many chess tournaments and players in the early 20th century. The Rice Mansion was designed in 1900 and complete in 1903. Isaac Rice called it Villa Julia, after his wife (a physician). He had a fully equipped chess room made out of solid rock. Rice lived at Villa Julia from 1903 to 1907. The mansion was later an Orthodox Jewish school. The mansion is at the corner of Riverside Drive and West 89th Street in New York. He was born in Bavaria.
Rogoff, Kenneth Saul (1953- )
Ken Rogoff was born in Rochester, New York on March 22, 1953. He is a chess grandmaster (1978) who gave up chess to become the chief economist at the World Bank and was a professor at Princeton and Harvard. He was a chess master and winner of the New York State Open at 14 in 1967. In 1968, at age 15, he took 2nd in the Candian Open, behind Bent Larsen. He won the U.S. Junior Championship three times (1969, 1970, 1971). He was the first Junior Champion to successfully defend his title. In 1970 he played Board 1 on the U.S. student team that captured 1st place in the 17thAnnual World Student Team Championship. He took 3rd place (behind Hug and Ribli) in the 1971 World Junior Championship in Athens. He took 2nd place in the 1975 US Championship. He has a PhD from MIT in Economics. He had gone to Yale and MIT, and dropped out of MIT to play chess. In 1978 he quit competitive chess and earned his Ph.D. in Economics in 1980.
Rossolimo, Nicolas (1910-1975)
International Grandmaster (1953). Born in Kiev of Greek parents who moved to France, winning the Paris championship ten times. He won the French championship in 1948. In 1948/49 he was 1st at Hastings. He took 2nd at Hastings in 1949/50. He later moved to the U.S. in 1953. His first job was a bellhop at the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel in New York. He won the U.S. Open in Long Beach in 1955 (winning a new Buick). He made a record of Russian folk songs, earned a brown belt in judo, and was a taxi driver in Paris and New York City. He played on three U.S. Olympic teams (1958, 1960, 1966) and was on the French Olympic team in 1972. He operated a chess studio in Greenwich Village on Thompson Street. His son earned a Ph.D. at Harvard. He played in five U.S. Championships. He died in Greenwich village after falling down two flight of stairs after giving chess lessons late at night. He was found the next morning unconscious and died a few days later. A few weeks earlier he had taken 3rd place at the World Open. He learned chess at the age of 7 from his mother.
Rossolimo – Golombek, Venisce 1949
1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.e3 c5 5.a3 Bxc3+ 6.bxc3 O-O 7.Bd3 d6 8.Ne2 Nc6 9.O-O e5 10.e4 Nh5 11.Be3 b6 12.f4 exf4 13.Nxf4 Nxf4 14.Rxf4 Qe7 15.Qh5 g6 16.Qf3 Bb7 17.Rf6 Nd8 18.d5 Qe5 19.Rf1 Bc8 20.Bh6 Bf5 21.Rxf5 gxf5 22.exf5 1-0
– Bill Wall