En passant (from French: in passing) is a move in the board game of chess (Brace 1977). En passant is a special capture made immediately after a player moves a pawn two squares forward from its starting position, and an opposing pawn could have captured it if it had moved only one square forward. In this situation, the opposing pawn may capture the pawn as if taking it “as it passes” through the first square. The resulting position is the same as if the pawn had only moved one square forward and the opposing pawn had captured normally. The en passant capture must be done on the very next turn, or the right to do so is lost. Such a move is the only occasion in chess in which a piece captures but does not move to the square of the captured piece (Burgess 2000:463). If an en passant capture is the only legal move available, it must be made. En passant capture is a common theme in chess compositions.
This rule was added in the 15th century when the rule giving pawns the option of initially moving two squares was introduced. It prevents a pawn from using the two-square move to pass another pawn without the risk of being captured (Hooper & Whyld 1992:124).
Women Chess Players by bill - 05-15-2013
The first mention of a woman chess player was when Harun ar Rashid wrote to Nicephorus in 802 A.D. and mentioning that he purchased a slave girl noted for her skill in chess.
In 1804, Madame de Remusat (1780-1824) played chess with Napoleon Bona...How Long Did They Live? by bill - 05-14-2013
I turned 62 this week and was interested in what chess masters I have outlived and what was the average age of the chess masters when they died (around 68). I've lived longer than Morphy, Alekhine, Petrosian, Tal, Keres and a few others. I hope ...Humphrey Bogart and Chess by bill - 05-13-2013
Humphrey DeForest Bogart was born on December 25, 1899 (some sources say January 23, 1900) in New York City. He was the son of a noted Manhattan surgeon, Dr. Belmont Bogart (1867-1934), who was secretly addicted to opium. His mother, Maud Humphrey ...Issac Asimov and Chess by bill - 05-12-2013
Isaac Asimov was born on January 2, 1920. In his lifetime, he wrote 470 books and is one of the greatest science fiction writers. Some of his science fiction stories mentioned chess.
One of his first science fiction stories, Nightfall, written...2001: A Space Odyssey - Chess by bill - 05-11-2013
In 1968, Stanley Kubrick (1928-1999), a strong chess player himself, directed the science fiction movie 2001: A Space Odyssey. The screenplay was co-written by Kubrick and Arthur C. Clarke (1917-2008), who really did not like or play chess. The s...