Vishwanathan Anand defended his world championship title after winning the 2nd Rapids game against Boris Gelfand in the tiebreak match of four Rapids games (25 minutes per player). The match started on May 10, 2012 and ended on May 30. Anand was able to put time pressure on Gelfand in all four rapid games. Anand beat Gelfand in 77 moves in a rook and pawn ending that should have drawn. Later, Gelfand missed a winning line in game 3, and the game ended in 59 moves. The 4th game was drawn in 56 moves.
Vishy Anand was born December 11, 1969 in Tamil Nadu in Southern India. His family later moved to Madras (no Chennai) , where he grew up. His mother, Susila Viswanathan, taught him how to play chess at age 6 in 1976.
In 1983-84, he won the National Sub-Junior Chess Championship of India with the score of 9 out of 9. From 1983 until 1986, he was the National Junior Champion.
In 1984, he took 2nd-3rd place in the World Cadets Championship.
In 1984, he won the Asian Junior Championship. He won it again in 1985.
In 1984, at the age of 15, he became the youngest International Master from India.
In 1984, he won the Lloyd’s Bank Junior championship, He won it again in 1985.
In 1985, at the age of 16, he became the national chess champion of India. He won it again in 1986, 1987, and 1988.
In 1986, he won the Arab-Asian International Chess Championship. He also took part in the Asian Team Championship where his team won the Silver medal.
In 1987, at the age of 17, he won the World Junior Championship.
In 1988, he won at Wijk aan Zee.
In 1988, at the age of 18, he became India’s first grandmaster after earning three GM norms in 12 months. He was the youngest GM in the world at that time.
In 1989, he won the Asian Active Chess Championship in Hong Kong.
In 1989, he played in the Veterans vs. Youth tournament and defeated two former world chess champions, Boris Spassky and Mikhail Tal. He was 1st among the Youth.
In 1990, he won the Asian Open Chess Championship in Manila. He also won the Gold Medal at the 1990 Asian Zonal Championship. He tied for 3rd place with Nigel short in the 1990 Interzonal, held in Manila.
In 1991, he won at Reggio Emilia, Italy, ahead of Garry Kasparov and Anatoly Karpov.
In 1992, he took 1st place at the Alekhine Memorial in Moscow, ahead of Karpov.
In the 1993 World Chess Championship cycle, he qualified for the Candidates Tournament, but lost in the quarter-finals against Anatoly Karpov, held in Brussels.
In 1993, he tied for 1st place with Michael Adams at the Professional Chess Association (PCA) Interzonal at Groningen.
In 1994, he won the PCA Grand Prix in Moscow, ahead of world champion Garry Kasparov.
In 1994, he took 1st place in the Melody Amber tournament in Monaco.
In the 1996 FIDE World Chess Championship cycle, he lost the quarter finals against Gata Kamsky.
In the 1995 Professional Chess Association (PCA) World Chess Championship, he was the challenger, but lost to Kasparov, which was played at the World Trade Center in New York. Kasparov won 10.5 – 7.5.
In the 1998 FIDE World Championship cycle, he was the challenger, but lost to Karpov. Anand drew with Karpov 3-3 in classical chess, but lost the rapid playoff as Karpov won the rapid tiebreak with a 2-0 score.
In 2000, he won the FIDE World Chess Championship Knockout after defeating Alexei Shirov in Tehran.
In 2002, he lost in the semifinal match to Vassily Ivanchuk.
On October 2003, he won the World Rapid Chess Championship.
In 2005, he tied for 2nd-3rd in the FIDE World Championship, behind Veselin Topalov.
In September 2007, he became World Champion again by winning the FIDE World Championship Tournament in Mexico City.
In 2008, he defended his title against Vladimir Kramnik in Bonn, Germany.
In 2010, he defended his title against Topalov in Sofia, Bulgaria.
In 2010, he successfully defended his title against Boris Gelfand in Moscow.
Anand has won the Chess Oscar6 times: 1997, 1998, 2003, 2004, 2007, and 2008.
Anand is the first player to win the world championship via traditional match play, knockout tournament, and round robin tournament.
Anand graduated from college and holds a Bachelor’s degree in Commerce from Loyola College in Chennai.
– Bill Wall